SESRIC



OIC Outlook - Archive

Since November 2007, the Centre has been preparing short outlook reports on various socio-economic development topics related to the OIC Member States. Using the Centre’s main database “BASEIND”, these reports present statistical information and analytical investigations on the topics under consideration, enriched with figures and tables. The topics of these reports include, among others, demography and structure of population, size and structure of the economy, saving and investment, structure and direction of trade, labour productivity, health, tourism, gender, food security, etc. The selected OIC Outlook Reports are also published in the Centre’s Economic Cooperation and Development Review as well as.

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Population Aging: Is it a Challenge for OIC Member Countries

“Aging” is described as the process by which older individuals become a proportionally larger share of the total population . Developed countries have been aging with an increasing pace in the past few decades which had implications in social security and public health systems. This report attempts to discover to what extend aging is a challenge in OIC member countries. For this purpose, a comparison analysis is made on the ageing processes in the developed countries and OIC member countries.

E-Government Readiness in the OIC Member Countries

Today we are living in an era of speed caused by the technological progress of mankind which has a deep impact on each and every process in both the public and private sector. This impact has even been felt in the most remote geographical areas of the world due to the widespread use of information and communication technology (ICT) tools. These technologies are adopted by the governments to transform the public policy, processes and functions to better serve the needs of their citizens.

Health Systems and Expenditure in the OIC Member Countries

The well-being of humanity is based on the development of health which is commonly and widely accepted as the ethical principle of equity. Over the recent decades, the issue of health has gained great importance as a major driver of socio-economic progress around the globe, with more resources than ever being invested in this sector. In a general overview, people are healthier, wealthier and live longer today than 30 years ago. According to the 2008 issue of the World Health Report, if children were still dying at 1978 rates, there would have been 16.2 million deaths globally in 2006 (where the actual figure was 9.5 million). This difference of 6.7 million means that 18,329 children’s lives were saved every day.

International Tourism in OIC Member Countries

Since 1950 tourism has experienced remarkable and continuous growth and made its place among the largest and fastest growing sectors within the economy around the globe.. According to the data obtained from the World Tourism Organization (WTO) the number of international tourist arrivals with an average annual growth rate of 6.6% increased from 25.3 million in 1950 to 846 million in 2006. During this period the international tourism receipts recorded an annual growth rate of 11.3% and in 2006 accounted to US$ 741.2 billion and the receipts per arrival were US$876. Europe and the Americas accounted to 96% of the total tourism market in 1950 but in 2006 this figure fell back to 70.6% in favor of the developing regions of Asia and the Pacific, the Middle East and Africa.

Research and Scientific Development in OIC Countries

Research in science and technology is of great importance and key to progress towards a knowledge-based, or an innovation-driven economy. On one hand, it promotes better understanding on different aspects of life while, on the other hand, it helps to improve the standard of living by creating new knowledge and technological innovation.

Agricultural Productivity in OIC Member Countries

The performance of agricultural activities in OIC member countries is of great importance for two reasons: First, 41 % of the total population of the OIC Countries is agricultural population who directly or indirectly depends for their livelihood on agriculture. This percentage reaches 90 % in some countries like Niger and Mali. Economic growth in such countries is based primarily on agriculture and non-farm rural activities which is essential to improve their incomes. Second, steady growth of agricultural production is needed for meeting the growing demand due to the increase in population. If OIC member countries cannot achieve sustainable growth of the agricultural production, they will be increasingly dependent on world markets to meet their needs and will be more vulnerable to price fluctuations and the achievement of food security becomes, if not impossible, a difficult goal to attain. These reasons urge the need for more/higher agricultural productivity levels.

Use and Sources of Commercial Energy in OIC Countries

Energy consumption reflects the level of economic activity and standard of living in a country. As such, energy can be defined as the ability to do work. As this definition points out, energy is a vital part of human life and it would not be possible to achieve a desired level of economic growth and development in a country without it.

Pharmaceutical Industry in the OIC Member Countries: Prospects and Challenges

Today pharmaceuticals have become an indispensible part of health care system around the globe. Historically pharmaceuticals have played a vital role in the human development by improving the quality of life and reducing the time spent in the hospitals. Thanks to innovative pharmaceutical industry that almost all epidemics and chronic diseases are curable today. Due to its direct link with the welfare and well being of human beings pharmaceutical industry is of strategic importance for the development of a healthy and productive nation. Today pharmaceutical industry is considered to be one of the largest and rapidly growing global industries. It is a major source of employment generation and foreign exchange earnings for many countries around the globe.

Transportation Sector in OIC Member Countries

An efficient transportation system is a fundamental element in socio-economic development. It facilitates fast transfer and movements of goods, services and resources from producing to consuming areas and improves access to local and international markets.

Water Resources and Their Use in Agriculture in the OIC Member Countries

During the second half of the 20th century, agriculture responded to a twofold increase in the world’s population by more than doubling food production. During the same period, the group of developing countries increased per capita food consumption by 30 percent and nutritional situations improved accordingly. In addition, agriculture continued producing non-food crops, including cotton, rubber, beverage crops and industrial oils. However, while feeding the world and producing a diverse range of commodities in an increasingly productive way, agriculture also confirmed its position as the largest user of water on the globe.

Water Resources and Water Related Issues in OIC Member Countries

Fresh water is essential element for life and it is virtual for all human, economical and natural activities like agriculture, industry, household, recreation and environment. Fresh water is only 2.5% of the total water on earth with an over two thirds of it in frozen form. While small fraction flows as surface water or in the air, the rest accumulated as ground water.